Iron

Introduction 

Various iron formulations used to treat and prevent iron deficiency. For counteractive action they are just suggested in those with poor retention, overwhelming menstrual periods, pregnancy, hemodialysis, or a diet low in iron. Prevention may likewise be utilized as a part of low birth weight babies. They are taken by mouth, infusion into a vein, or injection into a muscle. While advantages might be found in days up to two months might be required until iron levels come back to normal

Iron is an essential element in the pigments which carries the hemoglobin, as it enters the production of myoglobin, which is a pigment that stores oxygen in the muscles to be used on the body need, Iron is also an important element in a large number of enzymes and helps cells to absorb oxygen and converting blood sugar into energy.

Most of the food types provide the necessary amount of iron. However, the body needs large amounts of iron during pregnancy. Additional quantity given throughout pregnancy, as well as during the 2-3 months after birth, to compensate for the iron reserves in the woman's body after childbirth.

Symptoms of deficiency :

Iron deficiency leads to anemia mainly iron deficiency anemia, which will lead to anemia symptoms such as pallor, fatigue, shortness of breath and rapid heartbeat. It can also show indifference, irritation and decrease the immunity.

Overdose Symptoms :

Iron over dose can lead to iron poisoning.  which will appear as : abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, associated with high body temperature, abdominal distension, serious dehydration and low blood pressure. if this symptoms appears its need immediate medical intervention.

Pharmaceuticals :

fumarate iron, iron gluconate, polysaccharide can be obtained without a prescription in pharmaceuticals, iron compound vitamins and minerals.  Iron dextran injections.

Iron Sources :

The liver is the best source of iron. as well as the meat, eggs, chicken, fish, green leafy vegetables, dried fruits, whole grain or fortified breads and some baked goods, nuts and dried beans. Iron source of meat, chicken and fish is absorbed better than iron comes from vegetables.

The dose is determined individually, depending on the nature of each patient. Adults are complain of anemia, usually a dose of 30-100 mg of iron, twice - three times a day. As the boys should reduce the dose by age and weight. In the case of pregnancy it is recommended to give between 30-60 mg per day.

Daily requirement :

The recommended daily quantity for iron is :

0.10 mg (from the moment of birth to 6 months)

0.15 mg (from 6 months to 3 years)

0.10 mg (from 4 years to 10 years)

0.18 mg (for males from 11 years to 18 years, and for females from 11 year until 50 year)

0.10 mg (for males from 19 years and above and for females from 51 years and over)

the body needs a larger amount during pregnancy and even two or three months after birth.



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