Vitamins & Minerals

The list of vitamins and minerals below can give you an understanding of how particular vitamins and minerals work in your body.

Potassium

Introduction :Potassium works with sodium in monitoring the fluid balance in the body, transmission of nerve commands, muscle contraction and maintain the integrity of the heartbeat.Conditions that re

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Iron

Introduction Various iron formulations used to treat and prevent iron deficiency. For counteractive action they are just suggested in those with poor retention, overwhelming menstrual periods, pr

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Folic acid, Folinic acid

Introduction : Folic acid is one of the B vitamins. used to treat type of anemia ( macrocytic anemia ) which caused by folic acid deficiency. It is also used as a supplement by the  pregnant

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Vitamin A

Chemical name :Retinol, retinal, and four carotenoids including beta carotene.Solubility:Vitamin A is a fat soluble vitamin. Deficiency disease:Vitamin A deficiency will lead to Night blindness,

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Vitamin B1

Chemical name:ThiamineSolubility:waterDeficiency disease:Beriberi, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndromeUpper intake level:N/DOverdose disease:Drowsiness or muscle relaxation with large doses.Food source:Pork,

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Vitamin B2

Chemical name:RiboflavinSolubility:Its a water soluble vitamin. Deficiency disease:Deficiency of riboflavin well lead to riboflavinosis, glossitis, and angular stomatitis.Upper intake level:N/DOv

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Vitamin B3

Chemical name:Niacin, niacinamide, Nicotinamide ribosideSolubility:Its a water soluble vitamin.Deficiency disease:Its deficiency well lead to Niacin, niacinamide, Nicotinamide riboside.Upper intake le

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Vitamin B5

Chemical name :Pantothenic acidSolubility :Panthonic acid is a water soluble vitamin.Deficiency disease :ParesthesiaUpper intake level :N/DOverdose disease :Over dose of panthonic acid well cause Diar

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Vitamin B6

Chemical name :Pyridoxine, pyridoxamine, pyridoxalSolubility :Vitamin B6 ( pyridoxine ) is a water soluble vitamin.Deficiency disease :Pyridoxine deficiency well lead to Anemia, peripheral neuropathy.

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Vitamin B7

Chemical name :BiotinBiotin can be obtained without a prescription, alone or as one of multivitamins. Biotin has a vital role in the work of different enzymes. It is necessary for analysis carbohydrat

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Vitamin B12

Chemical name :Cyanocobalamin, hydroxocobalamin, methylcobalamin, adenosylcobalaminSolubility :Its a water soluble vitamine.Deficiency disease :Pernicious anemia, ( megaloplastic anemia ).Upper intake

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Vitamin C

Chemical name :Ascorbic acidSolubility :Its a water soluble vitamin.Deficiency disease :ascorbic acid deficiency well cause Scurvy.Upper intake level :Ascorbic acid upper intake level is ( 2,000 mg ).

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Vitamin D

Chemical name :Cholecalciferol (D3), Ergocalciferol (D2)Solubility : Its a fat soluble vitamin.Deficiency disease :Vitami D deficiency well lead to Rickets and osteomalacia.Upper intake level :50

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Vitamin E

Chemical name :Tocopherols, tocotrienolsSolubility :FatDeficiency disease :Deficiency is very rare; sterility in males and abortions in females, mild hemolytic anemia in newborn infantsUpper intake le

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Vitamin K

Chemical name :Phylloquinone, menaquinonesSolubility :Its a Fat soluble vitaminDeficiency disease :Bleeding diathesisUpper intake level :N/DOverdose disease :Increases coagulation in patients taking w

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George Ainge, MD, joined the Staff of the Radiology Department of Cleveland Clinic in 2007. His pr