Folic acid, Folinic acid

Introduction : 

Folic acid is one of the B vitamins. used to treat type of anemia ( macrocytic anemia ) which caused by folic acid deficiency. It is also used as a supplement by the  pregnant weman during the first months to prevent neural tube defects (NTDs) in the baby. On appearance of anemia symptoms a dose folic acid given per day, with or without vitamin B12, as needed. also folic acid can be administered at a dose less for the purpose of maintenance until the end of the symptoms.

Chemical name :

 Folic acid, Folinic acid.

Pharmaceuticals:

You can get folic acid without a prescription, alone or as one of the compounds in multivitamins and minerals. but within acceptable daily requirement.  

Daily requirement :

Men: 400 micrograms

Women: 400 micrograms

Pregnant women: 500-800 micrograms

The recommended daily amount (RDA) of folic acid / vitamin B-9 are:

30 micrograms from birth until 6 months.

0.45 micrograms from 6 months to a year.

100 micrograms from  a year up to 3 years.

200 micrograms from 4 to 6 years.

300 micrograms from 7 to 10 years.

400 micrograms from 11 years and above.

In pregnancy must add 400 micrograms, and breastfeeding period must add 100 micrograms.

Solubility : 

Its a water solubile vitamin. 

Deficiency disease :

Megaloblastic anemia and deficiency during pregnancy is associated with birth defects, such as neural tube defects

Overdose disease : 

There are no common side effects. It is not known whether high doses over a long period of time are of concern.[There are concerns that large amounts of folic acid may mask symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency.

Food source :

Best sources of this vitamin are green leafy vegetables, and liver. The roots of green vegetables, fruits ( oranges ), nuts, dried legumes, egg yolk, pasta, bread, cereal.



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